How to get rid of hard water build up

Hard water build up plagues our sinks, bathtubs, coffee pots and pipes. How do you get rid of the hard water build up?
Hard water affects many areas of our home cleaning processes. This would include anything from laundry, to dishes, to our own bodies.
Clothing that is washed in hard water may appear dirty still. Hard water build up will make the shower stall appear cloudy. Dishes with hard water build up will appear spotty. Hair washed with hard water will also get build-up on it.
Another appliance that is affected greatly by hard water build up is your water heater. The accumulation of hard water build up in your water heater can result in poorly heated water, and take life from your water heater.
Hard water build up comes from the minerals that are in the water. These minerals are calcium bicarbonate, magnesium carbonate, iron, lime, and other minerals.
There are some very simple steps to follow to remove the hard water build up in your home.
Vinegar mixture

 Make a mixture of vinegar and water, one part of the vinegar and one part water.

Coffee or teapots
 You can use this mixture on your coffee pot, or teapot by creating a mock pot of coffee with just the water and vinegar or boiling the water in the teapot for 20 minutes.

Glasses and dishes
 In order to remove the hard water deposits from your dishes, or glasses, you can soak these dishes in the vinegar and water combination.

 You can use a cup of vinegar in your dishwasher to help with the hard water build up in the dishwasher.

Other areas
 To remove the hard water build up from the sink, faucets, or other areas that can not be soaked; try a non diluted amount of vinegar on a paper towel and then place that paper towel on the area with the hard water. Remove the towel and wipe the area clean with a washcloth and warm water.

Here are some other possible solutions that have been tried and have been known to remove hard watermarks and build up.
Bleach also can be used to remove some of the hard water build up. This can dull your faucet and counter tops, so try not to leave the bleach on the counter tops for a long period.
Another option that is used to get rid of hard water build up is to use an acidic cleaning solution. The use of phosphoric acid is a commonly used acidic cleaner. This compound is safe for most surfaces.
Lime scale removers work well on the tough to remove hard water build up areas. Be sure to read the manufacturer warnings on the label and wear protective gloves.
Other acid cleaners that you can use are white vinegar, lemon juice, oxalic acid, phosphoric acid, and hydrochloric and sulfuric acids.
You can also use an abrasive cleaner. These cleaners may remove some of the lighter water build-ups on your sinks and faucets. However, these abrasive cleaners tend to remove some of the shine and luster from your surfaces and faucets.
Whatever the solution is that you choose to remove the hard water deposits, be sure to always follow the manufacturer's instructions. Also, be sure to wear protective gloves. Finally, you will want to test areas with the cleaning solution of your choice. This is to make sure that the solution will not damage the items you are cleaning.

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